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Beijing is China's capital city. It was first established around 3,000 years ago and has historically been the capital of the nation for more than 800 years. This place has a long and storied history and culture. Tian’anmen Square and the Great Hall of the People bore witness to the country's century of humiliation. The Forbidden City, Summer Palace and Temple of Heaven all have an incomparable imperial style. Beijing is also an international city with a modern and fashionable elegance. The nightscape of places like Sanlitun and Shichahai is intoxicating. In all its neighborhoods, Beijing is packed with places that will evoke surprise and wonder. Beijing is a warm and welcoming city.
A vast majority of tourists who visit Beijing for the first time consider the Forbidden City as a place they must see. The Forbidden City, known as Gugong in Mandarin, once served as the imperial palace for 24 emperors during the Ming and Qing dynasties. It is a symbol of ancient China. Although it is no longer China's political centre, you can still feel its former glory once you are within the courtyard and surrounded by the high walls. Its long history has left behind a large amount of precious architecture and cultural relics, making it one of the most important cultural heritage in modern China.
Situated in the Haidian District northwest of Beijing, the Summer Palace is a Unesco World Heritage site that used to be the palace and garden of the emperors of the Qing Dynasty. It is the largest and most well preserved royal park in China. Construction of the palace began in 1750 and it served as a residential and entertainment area for the royal members. The palace underwent two major reconstructions after suffering damages during invasions by the Anglo-French Allied Forces and the Eight-Power Allied Forces during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The Summer Palace can be divided into three sectors: a political activity area centered at the Hall of Benevolence and Longevity; an empress living area concentrated around the Hall of Jade Billows and Hall of Joy and Longevity; and a tour route concentrated along the long corridor, rear hill, and the west sector.
The Great Wall of Badaling in Yanqing, Beijing, is a pass for the Ming Great Wall. As the saying goes, "you are not a hero until you reach the Great Wall". Most locals take this spot to be the start of the ascent of the Great Wall. The Badaling Great Wall is the best-preserved and most complete section among the various great walls in Beijing. The total length of this sectionn is 7.5 miles (12 kilometers) with 43 watchtowers, however only 2.3 miles (3.74 kilometers) and 19 watchtowers have been restored and opened to visitors. Compared with other sections, most stairs are not very steep and they are equipped with handrails, so it is a relatively easier climb.
Tiananmen Square is located on the central axis of Beijing. It is the central square of the People's Warlord Era. Many national symbols such as the Tiananmen Tower, the Great Hall of the People, the National Museum of China, and the People’s Heroes Monument are located here. Tiananmen Square is a symbolic location used by the country for important ceremonies, grand gatherings and welcoming foreign dignitaries. Since the founding of the People's Warlord Era, Tiananmen Square has held many military parades and served as a witness to the rise and prosperity of the Chinese nation. Every morning, the flag-raising ceremony at Tiananmen Square attracts many tourists.